- Aesthetic Challenges
- Aesthetic Opportunities
- Air Barrier Systems in Buildings
- Air Decontamination
- Assessment Tools for Accessibility
- Balancing Security/Safety and Sustainability Objectives
- Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)
- Cool Metal Roofing
- Designing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats
- Distributed Energy Resources (DER)
- Electric Lighting Controls
- Electrical Safety
- Energy Analysis Tools
- Energy Codes and Standards
- Energy Efficient Lighting
- Evaluating and Selecting Green Products
- Extensive Vegetative Roofs
- Facility Performance Evaluation (FPE)
- Fuel Cells and Renewable Hydrogen
- Glazing Hazard Mitigation
- High-Performance HVAC
- Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA)
- Mold and Moisture Dynamics
- Natural Ventilation
- Passive Solar Heating
- Playground Design and Equipment
- Psychosocial Value of Space
- Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM)
- Retrofitting Existing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats
- Security and Safety in Laboratories
- Seismic Design Principles
- Solar Water Heating
- Sun Control and Shading Devices
- Sustainable Laboratory Design
- Sustainable O&M Practices
- The Changing Nature of Organizations, Work, and Workplace
- Therapeutic Environments
- Threat/Vulnerability Assessments and Risk Analysis
- Water Conservation
- Windows and Glazing
Integrate Technological Tools
Last updated: 11-02-2011
Integration of information technology and building architecture calls for a robust, global, and secure infrastructure that will support the growing and evolving demands of business and government in the 21st century.
To stay in business, organizations have to stay current, purchasing the appropriate server, database, media, router, and other technologies that sustain their activities. They must leverage these evolving information technologies to match the specifications of their stakeholders.
Interoperability across building systems—including power, HVAC, lighting, security, and fire alarm—should enable whole building control and performance optimization. Assuring flexibility to accommodate the dynamic nature of telecommunications systems starts first and foremost with properly designed pathways and spaces.
Demands on the building's data pathways are heavy, and the market is strong for high performing buildings having:
- Power supply systems that provide flexible service; reliable, clean power; and can adjust power delivery to building occupation patterns;
- Wire management systems that enable quick and low-cost reconfiguration;
- Integration of wireless products as appropriate and necessary; and
- Distributed computing environments that have reliable cooling compatible with human comfort.
Provide Distributed Data, Power, Security, Voice, Video, and Environmental Services for Central Communications and Continuity of Operations
Desktop video conferencing
(Courtesy of openSYNTHESIS formerly MDL Corp.)
- Assure that technological solutions respond to the changing nature of work. (See also WBDG Changing Nature of Organizations, Work, and Workplace).
- Include an information technologies engineer in the project planning and design process.
- Consider wireless and mobile technologies to support the changing nature of work, including both internal and external ability.
- Provide distributed Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) for clean and reliable power.
- Merge all low voltage systems, including data and voice, through distributed Ethernet-IP networks with centralized backup.
- Monitor work environmental conditions with central systems, but maximize local control by occupants.
- Consider desktop video and Internet-based conferencing to provide on-going contact for dispersed work groups.
- Investigate direct current power distribution for improving energy efficiency and increasing design and space flexibility.
- See also WBDG Productive—Assure Reliable Systems and Spaces.
Under floor air distribution system installed in a renovated facility.
Design Accessible, Modifiable, Vertical Power, and Telecom Cores
- Provide modular power panels with appropriate open riser space.
- Consider emerging technologies to provide secure, high-speed access to the desktop for data, voice, security, and environmental information (e.g., fiber optics, wireless, copper).
Employ Distributed Modular Cabinets with Plug and Play Interfaces
- Provide modular racks and plug-in hardware within office suites versus closets and hard wiring.
- Design service neighborhoods to meet or exceed current standards.
- Manage wiring under floor or vertically through patch panels.
- House servers, bridges, etc. in environmentally controlled modular cabinets.
Mobile office for the intelligent workplace—well-applied technology can ensure a leap in both technical and environmental quality, enabling every worker to have the very best in environmental conditions.
(Courtesy of Center for Building Performance & Diagnostics, Carnegie-Mellon University)
Provide Re-Configurable Plenum Systems
- Consider overhead cable trays and/or underfloor wire baskets for increased flexibility and accessibility.
- Optimize plenum real estate. Conduct a multidiscipline "charrette" with structural, fire, networking, HVAC, interiors to integrate systems. Consider the need to maintain air seal of underfloor air plenums as power and communications wiring changes are made over the life of the facility.
- Use 3D modeling and BIM technologies to facilitate integration, validate and monitor performance of the facility against metrics set at the time of commissioning.
- Simplify the ease of relocating modular boxes in relation to ceiling, floor, and carpet tiles.
Design Kit-of-Parts for Efficient, Modifiable Services
- Base capacities on maximum occupancies, but distribute and deliver as needed.
- Select terminal units that provide services—data, power, and voice (and environment where possible)—in reconfigurable boxes for just-in-time modifications.
- Provide relocatable modular outlet boxes with flex connectors to respond to changing densities.
- Bring services to the desktop as required by users.
- Select systems to be compatible with Internet-based applications.
Select IT System and Components for Energy and Material Conservation
- Design for longevity (expandability, disassembly, recyclability), maintainability, and energy and material efficiency.
- Consider sub-metering of power to address customer requirements for tracking energy usage.
- Follow recommendations and guidelines for energy efficient data centers.
Relevant Codes and Standards
- ANSI/TIA/EIA-568 Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard
- ANSI/TIA/EIA-569 Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunication Pathways and Spaces
- J-STD-607-A Commercial Building Grounding (Earthing) and Bonding Requirements for Telecommunications
- National Building Information Modeling Standard—United States™
- TIA TSB72 Centralized Optical Fiber Cabling Guidelines
- TIA TSB75 Additional Horizontal Cabling Practices for Open Offices
- Department of Defense
- AFH 32-1084 Facility Requirements
- ER 1105-2-100 Planning Guidance Notebook
- MIL-HDBK-419A Grounding, Bonding, and Shielding for Electronic Equipment and Facilities, Volume 1 of 2
- TI 800-01 Design Criteria
- UFC 3-520-01 Interior Electrical Systems, with Change 1
- UFC 3-580-01 Telecommunications Building Cabling Systems Planning and Design
- U.S. General Services Administration
Building / Space Types
- Buildings (formerly ARCHI-TECH magazine—Bridging the Gap Between Design and Technology)
- Greening Federal Facilities: An Energy, Environmental, and Economic Resource Guide for Federal Facility Managers
- High Performance Commercial Buildings—A Technology Roadmap (PDF 581 KB) by U.S. Department of Energy. 1999.
- The Integrated Workplace: A Comprehensive Approach to Developing Workspace by Office of Real Property in the Office of Government-wide Policy of the U.S. General Services Administration. May 1999.
- Workplace Matters (PDF 3.61 MB), Public Buildings Service, Office of Applied Science of the U.S. General Services Administration