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LEED®-DoD Antiterrorism Standards Tool

Introduction
How To Use This Tool
General Issues

Application
Relevant Codes & Standards
Additional Resources


Download UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings
Legend
greencomplementary requirements
yellowConflicting and complementary requirements
redConflicting requirements
blueNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations

LEED® CreditAntiterrorism Standard
Sustainable SitesStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
SS-P1Erosion & Sedimentation Controlcomplementary requirements Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations        
SS-1Site SelectionNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations         
SS-2Development DensityConflicting requirementsConflicting requirements         
SS-3Brownfield RedevelopmentNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations         
SS-4.1Alternative Transportation, Public Transportation AccessConflicting and complementary requirements          
SS-4.2Alternative Transportation, Bicycle Storage & Changing RoomsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations         
SS-4.3Alternative Transportation, Alternative Fuel VehiclesNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations      
SS-4.4Alternative Transportation, Parking CapacityNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations      
SS-5.1Reduced Site Disturbance, Protect or Restore Open SpaceConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations       
SS-5.2Reduced Site Disturbance, Development FootprintConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirementsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Conflicting requirements  complementary requirements   
SS-6.1Stormwater Management, Rate and QuantityConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirementsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Conflicting requirements  complementary requirements   
SS-6.2Stormwater Management, Treatmentcomplementary requirements          
SS-7.1Heat Island Effect, Non-RoofNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations      
SS-7.2Heat Island Effect, Roof    Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations      
SS-8Light Pollution ReductionNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations      
Water EfficiencyStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
WE-1.1Water-Efficient Landscaping, Reduce by 50%Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements         
WE-1.2Water-Efficient Landscaping, No Potable Use or No IrrigationConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements         
WE-2Innovative Wastewater TechnologiesNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations         
WE-3.1 - 3.2Water Use Reduction, [20%] [30%] Reduction          
Energy & AtmosphereStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
EA-P1Fundamental Building Systems CommissioningNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations
EA-P2Minimum Energy Performance        Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements
EA-P3CFC Reduction in HVAC&R Equipment           
EA-1Optimize Energy Performance        Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsConflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements
EA-2.1 - 2.3Renewable Energy, [5%] [10%] [15%]           
EA-3Additional CommissioningNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations
EA-4Ozone Protection           
EA-5Measurement & Verification           
EA-6Green Power           
Materials & ResourcesStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
MR-P1Storage & Collection of RecyclablesNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations          
MR-1.1Building Reuse, Maintain 75% of Existing Walls, Floors and RoofNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations   Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirementsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsConflicting and complementary requirements  
MR-1.2Building Reuse, Maintain 100% of Existing Walls, Floors and RoofNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations   Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirementsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsConflicting and complementary requirements  
MR-1.3Building Reuse, Maintain 100% of Shell/Structure & 50% Non-ShellNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations   Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirementsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsConflicting and complementary requirements  
MR-2.1 - 2.2Construction Waste Management, Divert [50%] [75%] from LandfillNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations         
MR-3.1 - 3.2Resource Reuse, [5%] [10%]          
MR-4.1 - 4.2Recycled Content, Specify [5%] [10%] (post consumer + 1/2 post industrial) Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations  Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
MR-5.1Regional Materials, 20% Manufactured Regionally Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations  Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
MR-5.2Regional Materials, 50% Extracted Regionally Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations  Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
MR-6Rapidly Renewable Materials          
MR-7Certified Wood          
Indoor Environmental QualityStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
EQ-P1Minimum IAQ Performance         Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
EQ-P2Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control           
EQ-1Carbon Dioxide Monitoring           
EQ-2Ventilation Effectiveness         Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
EQ-3.1Construction IAQ Management Plan, During Construction           
EQ-3.2Construction IAQ Management Plan, Before Occupancy           
EQ-4.1Low-Emitting Materials, Adhesives & Sealants           
EQ-4.2Low-Emitting Materials, Paints and Coatings          
EQ-4.3Low-Emitting Materials, Carpet          
EQ-4.4Low-Emitting Materials, Composite Wood          
EQ-5Indoor Chemical & Pollutant Source Control           
EQ-6.1Controllability of Systems, Perimeter Spaces         Conflicting and complementary requirements 
EQ-6.2Controllability of Systems, Non-Perimeter Spaces           
EQ-7.1Thermal Comfort, Compliance with ASHRAE 55-1992         Conflicting and complementary requirements 
EQ-7.2Thermal Comfort, Permanent Monitoring System           
EQ-8.1Daylight & Views, Daylight 75% of SpacesNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations   Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements
EQ-8.2Daylight & Views, Views for 90% of SpacesNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations   Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations Conflicting and complementary requirementsConflicting and complementary requirements
Innovation & Design ProcessStandard 1. Minimum Standoff DistancesStandard 2. Unobstructed SpaceStandard 3. Drive-Up/Drop-Off AreasStandard 4. Access RoadsStandard 5. Parking Beneath Buildings or on RooftopsStandard 6. Progressive Collapse AvoidanceStandard 7. Structural IsolationStandard 8. Building OverhangsStandard 9. Exterior Masonry WallsStandard 10. Windows, Skylights, and Glazed DoorsStandard 11. Building Entrance Layout
ID-1.1Innovation in Design: Exceed Regional Materials Criteria (40%) Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations  Not conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerationsNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations 
ID-1.2Innovation in Design: Green Housekeeping/O&M Plan           
ID-1.3Innovation in Design: Educational Display          
ID-1.4Innovation in Design: Exceed Water Use Reduction Criteria (40%)          
ID-2LEED Accredited Professional          

Introduction

In this time of enhanced security risk and awareness, facility owners and occupants demand that security be an important consideration in facility design and construction. At the same time, as a society, we desire to have functional, efficient and environmentally friendly buildings. Hence, the challenge: how do we make the right balance?

The LEED®-DoD Antiterrorism Standards Tool addresses the security implications of strategies used to achieve each LEED credit with regard to their inter-relationship (i.e., potential conflicts and synergies), from the Department of Defense (DoD) perspective. Information is presented within a color-coded matrix based on the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System (LEED-NC Version 2.1) cross-referenced with the applicable standards in Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 4-010-01, DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings. As such, critical areas are easily identified, prompting the project team to work collaboratively, using a 'whole building' approach, to develop successful, efficient solutions for a high performance, secure building.

How to Use This Tool

This Tool is presented as a matrix that links LEED credits with related DoD Antiterrorism Standards. Across the top are the Antiterrorism Standards based on UFC 4-010-01. The left column is a listing of the LEED credits based on LEED-NC Version 2.1. Matrix intercepts are color coded to explain their relationship:

greencomplementary requirements
yellowConflicting and complementary requirements
redConflicting requirements
blueNot conflicting or complementary, but have related considerations

Go across a row to view the potential antiterrorism issues related to a LEED credit. Go down a column to view potential LEED issues related to an Antiterrorism Standard. Click on a LEED credit number to go to another screen that provides an analysis of the antiterrorism issues for that credit. Click on a LEED category (e.g., Sustainable Sites) to access information for all credits within that category.

General issues, representative examples, relevant codes and standards, and additional resources related to achieving LEED and Antiterrorism are detailed below.

Note that this Tool does not consider the potential synergies and conflicts with other building design objectives. Refer to other sections of the WBDG for discussions of the following: Aesthetics, Accessible, Cost-Effective, Functional / Operational, Historic Preservation, and Productive. Standards other than those of the DoD are also not considered explicitly, although their basic premises are applicable to non-DoD projects.

Note that antiterrorism requirements for expeditionary and temporary structures are not addressed in this Tool since LEED certification is not generally sought for these types of DoD structures.

General Issues

While DoD projects must comply with the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 4-010-01, DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings to minimize the likelihood of mass casualties from terrorist attacks, it is important to understand that the level of required security varies from project to project. In order to facilitate the appropriate level of protection and countermeasures to meet the security challenges, a comprehensive threat assessment, vulnerability assessment, and risk analysis should be conducted to identify the appropriate level of security for the building. This will help ensure that project funds are directed at real needs in a focused manner, thus allowing other project aspects such as architectural expression and other amenities to be developed.

In the same vein, while the U.S. Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System (LEED®) is used to help measure the sustainability of DoD projects, some LEED credits are not applicable or feasible for some projects. As such, discussion of sustainable design/LEED issues should be included in a requirements-gathering charrette conducted during the planning and/or concept design phase. The charrette includes a credit by credit discussion of all the LEED credits. At the same time, goals and initial strategies for each applicable credit are developed. Conclusions and recommendations from the threat and vulnerability assessments and risk analysis should be taken into consideration during the charrette so potential conflicting or synergistic approaches can be identified and addressed early.

It should be noted that the UFC 4-010-01 details twenty-two required minimum antiterrorism standards for DoD buildings. These standards, as stated, are mandatory and cannot be waived to meet other requirements. However, there are seventeen additional recommended antiterrorism measures in Appendix C of the standard. These may be relaxed in order to increase sustainable design efforts.

Application

Representative Example

Defense Intelligence Analysis Center (DIAC), Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, DC
Architect: Smith Group Architects       Size: 450,000 sf

Illustration of the front face of the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center

Compatible with the existing building design, the North side uses far less glass than the South side.
Courtesy of Smith Group Architects and NAVFAC-Washington.

The approximately $100 million project is a first-class, six story 450,000 sf office building designed to consolidate uniquely skilled intelligence personnel currently working in lease spaces throughout the region. Connected to an existing building via a corridor, the project successfully integrates security and sustainability features within the design, creating an energy-efficient, comfortable, yet very secure facility.

Sustainable development strategies include:

  • Utilize excess capacity of existing chiller plant
  • T-8 pendant lighting in offices with occupancy sensors
  • Metal Halide lights in garage
  • Sand filters and bioretention pond—to protect Anacostia River & Chesapeake Bay
  • Low-maintenance, indigenous plants
  • Recycle 80,000 cm of excavated soil, which would be hauled locally to a Navy picnic area, saving DIA and Navy about $400K each
  • Sun control—shading devices with high reflective glass
  • New Commissioning Manual
  • Low VOC materials
  • Low-flow toilets
  • Crush demolished concrete on-site and use aggregate for new work
  • Fly ash in concrete
  • Specify in contract the use of local materials within 500 miles radius for at least 20% of building materials
  • Increase ventilation rate
  • Incentive Bonus to insure cooperation

The project has been submitted to the US Green Building Council for LEED® certification.

Illustration of the front face of the Defense Intelligence Analysis CenterIllustration of the front face of the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center showing bioretention pond

Left: The design of the facility takes advantage of the earth berm behind so it would be able to withstand impact by a truck traveling at 40 MPH. In addition, a one meter high Force Protection wall will be built using loose stack local stone (no mortar). And Right: The bioretention pond is designed to serve double duty. As a sustainable strategy, it will help reduce stormwater runoff; as anti-terrorism/force protection feature, it is designed to protect the facility from bomb-loaded vehicles, which would sink in the pond and the water would absorb the bomb blast. Courtesy of Smith Group Architects and NAVFAC-Washington.

Relevant Codes and Standards

Government

Additional Resources

WBDG

Sustainable; Secure/Safe; Aesthetics—Engage the Integrated Design Process; Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA); Balancing Security/Safety & Sustainability Objectives; Psychosocial Value of Space

Associations & Organizations

Publications

Points of Contact

  • Army:
  • Sustainable Development: Harry Goradia, USACE
  • Antiterrorism/Force Protection: Joe Hartman, USACE
  • Navy:
  • Sustainable Development: Dennis Talton, NAVFAC
  • Antiterrorism/Force Protection: John Lynch, NAVFAC
  • Air Force:
  • Sustainable Development: Karen Kivela, AFCEE
  • Antiterrorism/Force Protection: Jim Caulder, AFCESA and Lt. Col. Craig Rutland, AFCESA

Design & Analysis Tools

Training

Others