Corrosion Prevention & Control (CPC) Source - Criteria  

by Joseph C. Dean, P.E. and Nicholas A. Silver for the Director, Corrosion Policy & Oversight (D, CPO) [OUSD (AT&L)]

Updated: 
12-19-2016

Introduction

The main purpose of Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPC) is to reduce the cost of corrosion effects on Facilities and Infrastructure (F&I) and maximize life-cycle return on investment (ROI) increasing sustainability and durability. In order to accomplish this, selection of the appropriate criteria for insertion in Construction and Sustainment contracts is essential. Criteria is generally based on industry standards. Criteria documents provide guidance on the technical application of construction standards, products, and maintenance of facilities and infrastructure, including CPC. CPC is not comprehensively addressed in one specific area of criteria, nor is there a one-stop shop for CPC-related criteria. Rather, it is incorporated as a subset into many different areas of criteria. This means that isolating general CPC guidance is not a simple task.

Criteria play an important role in the success of CPC because they provide corrosion guidance on a variety of topics at different levels of planning, design, construction, operations and maintenance, sustainment, restoration, and modernization of facilities. The majority of specifications and design manuals have prescriptive corrosion prevention requirements. Typically, these requirements represent an industry standard for a high level of corrosion protection.

There are two main types of criteria that apply to CPC:

  • Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC)—UFCs provide planning, design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria and apply to the military departments, the defense agencies, and the DoD field activities. UFC coverage includes protective coatings and paints, water supply systems, cathodic protection systems, architecture, structural engineering, tropical engineering, and others. UFCs are distributed electronically and are effective upon issuance. A list of key UFCs can be found below in Table 1.
  • Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS)—UFGSs are used for specifying construction for the military services. Subjects include electric and electronic control systems for HVAC, cold storage refrigeration system, cathodic protection systems for steel water tanks, chain link fences and gates, manufactured metal casework, and others. A list of key UFGSs can be found below in Table 2. It is important to remember that all UFGSs are intended to be editable by the designer. This flexibility allows for inclusion of enhanced CPC features, materials, and coatings necessary for the design use and appropriate environment.

UFCs and UFGSs are unified criteria and are applicable to all DoD facilities unless otherwise noted. The DoD Unified Facilities Criteria program represents the facilities and infrastructure component of the Defense Standardization Program (DSP), pursuant to DoDI 4120.24 . The United States Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and the Air Force Civil Engineer Center (AFCEC) along with ASD (EI&E) are responsible for administration of the UFC system. Procedures for the development and maintenance of UFC documents are prescribed in MIL-STD-3007F.

Description

Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization (SRM) and Military Construction (MILCON) projects use industry-accepted construction and sustainment practices, materials, and equipment for both acquisition documentation and to guide work performed in house by government employees. This can only be accomplished through the use of well-documented and easily accessible criteria. DoDD 4270.5, Military Construction  (February 12, 2005), which provides guidance on MILCON program management, requires that UFCs and UFGSs must be used to the greatest extent possible for planning, design, and construction (restoration or modernization) of facilities, regardless of funding source. Successful execution of SRM programs by the military services is essential to ensure facilities continue to meet mission requirements. CPC represents a very large area of SRM focus. Identifying CPC deficiencies and determining how and when to resolve them is a very complicated and difficult challenge for the F&I community. Consequently, CPC management is an essential part of the ongoing initiative to sustain DoD's facilities and installations.

When leveraging criteria for use in contracts, the designer of record will take the criteria associated with the scope of work and edit the portions of the UFGS criteria document as well as appropriate contract clauses, tailoring it to the specific requirement. In the case of corrosion, the desired level of detail associated with the building component (i.e. window coatings, cathodic protection, etc.) will be entered into the relevant criteria documents and attached to the Request for Proposal (RFP). This may be tempered by the level of performance-based contracting required.

Table 1. List of Key Unified Facilities Criteria that include CPC
Policy Subject Keywords Description
UFC 3-110-03
(01 May 2012)
Roofing
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Preservation
Explains procedures for applying roofing manual and technical bulletins to the design of Military projects.
UFC 3-190-06
(16 January 2004)
Protective Coatings and Paints
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
Encloses Military Handbook 1110 (17 Jan 1995) and re-issues it as a UFC. Provides guidance for DOD personnel who wish to apply architectural paints or protective coatings to military structures fixed in place.
UFC 3-230-02
(10 July 2001)
Operations and Maintenance of Water Supply Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides technical guidance for operating and maintaining water supplies, treatment plants, storage facilities, and distribution systems at military installations. Applies to all personnel who are responsible for operation and maintenance fixed- base water systems.
UFC 3-240-13FN
(25 May 2005)
Operation and Maintenance: Industrial Water Treatment
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides an overview of industrial water treatment operations and management.
UFC 3-430-01FA
(25 July 2003)
Heating and Cooling Distribution Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Contains TI 810-32. Provides guidance and criteria for the design and construction of heating and cooling distribution systems and supplements information in the "Notes to the Designer" of the guide specifications. Covers multiple CPC topics such as corrosion-resistant materials, internal corrosion, cathodic protection, and others.
UFC 3-430-08N
(16 January 2004)
Central Heating Plants
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Contains MIL-HDBK-1003/6. Provides criteria for designing steam and high temperature water central and individual heating plants. Covers many different CPC topics including economizer corrosion controls. Section 8.6.5 covers general corrosion requirements. Section 10.6 covers general corrosion prevention requirements.
UFC 3-440-05N
(16 January 2004)
Tropical Engineering
  • Cathodic
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • Pitting
Contains a full text copy of MIL-HDBK-1011/1. Provides a general overview of information related to construction within tropical regions.
UFC 3-570-02A
(01 March 2005)
Cathodic Protection
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Contains TM 5-811-7. Provides general design guidance for cathodic protection systems.
UFC 3-570-02N
(16 January 2004)
Electrical Engineering Cathodic Protection
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Contains MIL-HDBK-1004/10. Intended to be used in the design and construction of cathodic protection systems for the purpose of mitigation of corrosion of buried or submerged metallic structures.
UFC 3-570-06
(31 January 2003)
Operation and Maintenance: Cathodic Protection Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides guidance for inspection and maintenance of cathodic protection systems.
UFC 3-600-01
(08 August 2016)
Fire Protection Engineering for Facilities
  • Corrosion
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Establishes fire protection engineering policy and criteria for DOD components.
UFC 4-150-07
(19 June 2001)
Operation and Maintenance: Maintenance of Waterfront Facilities
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • Pitting
Provides guidance for the inspection, maintenance, and repair of waterfront structures and related facilities. Also used as a reference for planning, estimating, and performing technical maintenance and repair work.
UFC 4-152-01
(28 July 2005)
Design: Piers and Wharves
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
Contains descriptions and design criteria for pier and wharf construction, including subsidiary, contiguous, and auxiliary structures.
Table 2. List of Key Unified Facilities Guide Specifications that include CPC
Policy Subject Keywords Description
UFGS 02 85 00.00 20
(May 2011)
Mold Remediation
  • Mold
  • Coating
Covers requirements for demolition, cleaning, removal, and disposal of materials contaminated with mold.
UFGS 03 01 32
(November 2009)
Concrete Rehabilitation for Civil Works
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
Covers requirements for rehabilitation of concrete for Civil Works type structures.
UFGS 03 31 29
(August 2012)
Marine Concrete
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for reinforced concrete that is exposed to marine and chloride environments.
UFGS 09 97 13.15
(February 2015)
Low VOC Polysulfide Interior Coating of Welded Steel Petroleum Fuel Tanks
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for a Low VOC (< 50 grams/liter) two-coat polysulfide modified novolac epoxy — PMNE coating systems for interiors of newly constructed, Navy bulk fuel storage tanks. For maintenance coating design, see notes herein.
UFGS 09 97 13.17
(February 2010)
Three Coat Epoxy Interior Coating of Welded Steel Petroleum Fuel Tanks
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for a three coat epoxy system for interior coating of newly constructed, Air Force bulk fuel storage tanks.
UFGS 09 97 13.26
(February 2016)
Coating of Steel Waterfront Structures, Zero VOC, (SZC) Splash Zone Coating
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
Covers requirements for coating new or existing steel-sheet piling and other steel waterfront structures. This coating system may also be used for repairing and coating of aged surfaces.
UFGS 09 90 00
(May 2011)
Paints And Coatings
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
Covers requirements for painting of new and existing, interior and exterior substrates.
UFGS 12 31 00
(November 2014)
Manufactured Metal Casework
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
Covers requirements for fabrication, finish, installation, cleaning, and inspection of metal casework.
UFGS 13 34 19
(November 2011)
Metal Building Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for pre-engineered fabricated metal structures.
UFGS 23 00 00
(August 2010)
Air Supply, Distribution, Ventilation, and Exhaust Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Covers requirements for air supply, distribution, ventilation, and exhaust portions of HVAC systems.
UFGS 23 35 19.00 20
(February 2010)
Industrial Ventilation and Exhaust
  • Corrosion
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Provides requirements for blower and exhaust systems for the removal of flammable vapors. This includes paint spraying residue, corrosive fumes, dust, and stock conveying.
UFGS 23 63 00.00 10
(October 2007)
Cold Storage Refrigeration System
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for refrigeration equipment for cold storage facilities. This document covers coil corrosion protection extensively.
UFGS 26 42 13.00 20
(April 2006)
Cathodic Protection by Galvanic Anodes
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use galvanic anode s for underground piping and buried or submerged structure.
UFGS 26 42 14.00 10
(August 2008)
Cathodic Protection System (Sacrificial Anode)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use continuous flow direction current from sacrificial anodes.
UFGS 26 42 15.00 10
(February 2013)
Cathodic Protection System (Steel Water Tanks)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Covers requirements for cathodic protections systems using impressed current anodes.
UFGS 26 42 17.00 10
(November 2008)
Cathodic Protection System (Impressed Current)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use impressed current anodes.
UFGS 26 42 19.10
(November 2008)
Cathodic Protection Systems (Impressed Current) for Lock Miter Gates
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Coating
Provides requirements for lock miter gate cathodic protection systems.
UFGS 33 11 00
(February 2016)
Water Utility Distribution Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Covers the requirements for potable and nonpotable systems.
UFGS 40 05 13
(October 2007)
Pipelines, Liquid Process Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for above and below grade liquid process piping located both inside and outside of treatment plants.
UFGS 40 18 00.00 40
(May 2014)
Vacuum Systems Process Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
Covers requirements for aboveground low-vacuum systems.
UFGS 01 35 45.00 10 Chemical Data Quality Control
  • CQC Program
  • Submittals
  • Testing
Establishes the basic requirements for a QC program. CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight.
UFGS 01 45 00.00 20 Quality Control
  • QC Program Requirements
  • Commissioning Program
  • Plan Submission Requirements
  • Design Review & Documentation
Establishes the basic requirements for a QC, Cx, Design program. CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight.
UFGS 01 45 00.00 40 Quality Control
  • Describes QC Program Requirements
  • Describes Government Inspections
Establishes the basic requirements for a QC, Inspections & Field Services. CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight where appropriate.
UFGS 01 45 00.10 20 Quality Control for Minor Construction
  • QC Organization & Requirements
  • Testing
  • Submittals
  • Acceptance
CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight.

Criteria documents can be found in the form of other types of resources as well. The WBDG Federal Facility Criteria library provides a detailed list describing each which includes specifications, regulations, standards, policy letters, ECBs, etc.

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