On June 3, 1999 President Clinton signed Executive Order 13123 - Greening the Government Through Efficient Energy Management. This order directs the Federal Government to significantly improve its energy management in order to save taxpayer dollars and reduce emissions that contribute to air pollution and global climate change. The Federal Government operates more than 500,000 buildings and, according to the Executive Order, can lead the Nation in energy efficient building design, construction, and operation. The Federal government is directed to promote energy efficiency, water conservation, and the use of renewable energy products, and help foster markets for emerging technologies.
The Executive Order sets specific goals for federal agencies. Each agency shall, through life cycle cost effective energy measures, reduce energy consumption per gross square foot of its facilities by 30 percent by 2005 and 35 percent by 2010 relative to 1985. Industrial and laboratory facilities shall, through life cycle cost effective energy measures, reduce energy consumption per square foot, per unit of production, or per other unit as applicable by 20 percent by 2005 and 25 percent by 2010 relative to 1990.
The Executive Order directs the Secretary of Energy to appoint an advisory committee consisting of representatives from Federal agencies, State governments, energy service companies, utility companies, equipment manufacturers, construction and architectural companies, environmental, energy and consumer groups, and other energy-related organizations. The committee will provide input on Federal energy management, including how to improve use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts and utility energy efficiency service contracts, improve procurement of ENERGY STAR and other energy efficient products, improve building design, reduce process energy use, and enhance applications of efficient energy technologies at Federal facilities.
The Department of Energy and the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) are responsible for working with the agencies to ensure that they meet the goals of the E.O. DOE is also responsible for helping federal agencies in identifying products in the upper 25 percent of energy efficiency, providing technical assistance to federal agencies, issuing guidelines to clarify how agencies determine the life cycle costs for investments, and administering and managing the Super Energy Service Companies (ESCO's) and the Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC's).
The Executive Order is vague in the identification of specific technologies, i.e. lighting controls. This can be seen as both a hindrance and an improvement in the Executive Order. By not specifying certain technologies, Federal agencies are not required to buy certain products (which could have been omitted from the E.O.), but instead are required to evaluate the life cycle costs effectiveness of products and building improvements.
Revokes EO 12759 - Federal Energy Management, April 17, 1991; EO 12845 - Requiring Agencies to Purchase Energy Efficient Computer Equipment, April 21, 1993; EO 12902 - Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation at Federal Facilities, March 9, 1994.
Revoked by Executive Order 13423.
For additional information, see the National Archives and Records Administration