CPC Source - Criteria  

by Joseph C. Dean, P.E. and Nicholas A. Silver for the Director, Corrosion Policy & Oversight (D, CPO) [OUSD (AT&L)]
Updated: 08-08-2017

 

Introduction

The main purpose of Corrosion Prevention and Control (CPC) is to reduce the cost of corrosion effects on Facilities and Infrastructure (F&I, referred to as "facilities") and maximize life-cycle return on investment (ROI) increasing sustainability and durability. In order to accomplish this, selection of the appropriate criteria for insertion in Construction and Sustainment contracts is essential. Criteria is generally based on industry standards. Criteria documents provide guidance on the technical application of construction standards, products, and maintenance of facilities and infrastructure, including CPC. CPC is not comprehensively addressed in one specific area of criteria, nor is there a one-stop shop for CPC-related criteria. Rather, it is incorporated as a subset into many different criteria documents. This means that isolating general CPC guidance is not a simple task. The Tables on this web page have been developed to assist in finding the most relevant CPC criteria.

Criteria play an important role in the success of CPC because they provide corrosion guidance on a variety of topics at different levels of planning, design, construction, operations and maintenance, sustainment, restoration, and modernization of facilities. The majority of specifications and design manuals have prescriptive corrosion prevention requirements. Typically, these requirements represent an industry standard for a high level of corrosion protection.

There are two main types of criteria that apply to CPC:

  • (UFC)—UFCs provide planning, design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria and apply to the military departments, the defense agencies, and the DoD field activities. UFC coverage includes implementation of consensus building codes and standards, the full range of architectural and engineering design disciplines and facility systems, and functional criteria for select facility types. UFCs are distributed electronically and are effective upon issuance. A list of key corrosion related UFCs can be found below in Table 1.
  • (UFGS)—UFGSs are used for specifying construction for the military services. UFGSs provide a full range of construction specifications for all facilities components and systems organized under the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI), MasterFormat™. A list key of corrosion related UFGSs can be found below in Table 2. It is important to remember that all UFGSs are intended to be editable by the designer. This flexibility allows for inclusion of enhanced CPC features, materials, and coatings necessary for the design use and appropriate environment.

UFCs and UFGSs are unified criteria and are applicable to all DoD facilities construction projects. The DoD Unified Facilities Criteria program represents the facilities and infrastructure component of the Defense Standardization Program (DSP), pursuant to DoDI 4120.24 . The United States Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and the Air Force Civil Engineer Center (AFCEC) along with ASD (EI&E) are responsible for administration of the UFC system. Procedures for the development and maintenance of UFC documents are prescribed in MIL-STD-3007F.

Description

Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization (SRM) and Military Construction (MILCON) projects use industry-accepted construction and sustainment practices, standards, materials, and equipment for both acquisition documentation and to guide work performed in house by government employees. This is accomplished through the use of well-documented and easily accessible criteria. DoDD 4270.5, Military Construction  (February 12, 2005), which provides guidance on MILCON program management, requires that UFCs and UFGSs must be used to the greatest extent possible for planning, design, and construction (restoration or modernization) of facilities, regardless of funding source. Successful execution of SRM programs by the military services is essential to ensure facilities continue to meet mission requirements. CPC represents a very large area of SRM focus. Identifying CPC deficiencies and determining how and when to resolve them can be a very complicated and difficult challenge for the facilities community. Consequently, good and timely CPC management is an essential part of the ongoing initiative to sustain DoD's facilities and installations.

Military construction projects typically utilize several different acquisition strategies such as Design-Build and Design-Bid-Build to accomplish the work. The project contract documents contain the project scope, performance clauses, and relevant criteria requirements for the designer of record to accomplish the task of preparing the design, plans and construction specifications. UFC's identify the consensus building codes and standards in addition to DoD unique design requirements. UFGS are used to develop the project specifications which delineate the requirements regarding the materials, products, installation procedures and quality aspects involved with execution of the work. It is the responsibility of the designer of record to edit the specification and tailoring it to the specific requirement. In the case of corrosion, the desired level of detail associated with the building component (e.g. material selection and grade, protective coatings and paints, cathodic protection, etc.)should be identified. The UFC 1-300-02 requires that the designer address corrosion related requirements and to ensure that the UFGS "Notes to Designers" are inclusive of these requirements. From a CPC perspective, the editable nature of the specifications is intended to provide the designer with the flexibility to match the appropriate material, coating, and installation procedure with the environmental conditions that cause corrosion or environmental severity of the project site.

The Criteria listed in Tables 1 and 2 are intended to assist the designer, architect, engineer and sustainment professional in selecting the most appropriate CPC criteria documents relevant to the design, construction maintenance and repair of DoD Facilities. Where it occurs, certification and experience requirements for contractors, individuals, and manufacturers are addressed in the UFC or UFGS. Some of these have been briefly listed in the "Description" column of Tables 1 and 2. These may include certifications offered by NACE, SSPC, ACI, and MPI.

Table 1. Key Unified Facilities Criteria that include CPC
Doc. Number Title Keywords Description
UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard
  • Corrosion
  • Environmental Severity Classification
  • Life Cycle Cost Effectiveness
Provides guidance for the preparation of Unified Facilities Guide Specifications (UFGS). Paragraph 1.4.1 Content Guidance: "\1\Provide bracketed or tailored options for corrosion prevention, life cycle cost effectiveness, or durability depends on the location, application, conditions, or atmospheric and chemical environment provide direction on what item to use based on other relative criteria such as soil corrosivity, ultraviolet exposure, solar radiation, biological, or other factors causing deterioration of a material or its properties because of a reaction of that material with its chemical environment.
UFC 3-110-03 Roofing
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • UV
  • Degradation & Radiation
Explains procedures for applying roofing manual and technical bulletins to the design of Military projects. For roofs >15KSF provide Registered Roof Consultant (RRC) or PE/RA deriving principal income from roofing design on QC staff of DB or DBB team.
UFC 3-190-06 Protective Coatings and Paints
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
Encloses Military Handbook 1110 (17 Jan 1995) and re-issues it as a UFC. Provides guidance for DOD personnel who wish to apply architectural paints or protective coatings to military structures fixed in place. Refers to SSPC Painting Contractor Certification Program & mentions NACE QC Inspector Program.
UFC 3-230-01 Water Storage, Distribution, & Transmission
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coatings
Provides requirements for typical storage, distribution and transmission systems for domestic water, fire protection and non- potable water for the Department of Defense (DoD).
UFC 3-230-02 Operations and Maintenance of Water Supply Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides technical guidance for operating and maintaining water supplies, treatment plants, storage facilities, and distribution systems at military installations. Applies to all personnel who are responsible for operation and maintenance fixed- base water systems.
UFC 3-230-03 Water Treatment
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
Provides requirements for typical water treatment systems for the Department of Defense (DoD). These minimum technical requirements are based on UFC 1-200-01. Where other statutory or regulatory requirements are referenced in the contract, the more stringent requirement must be met.
UFC 3-240-01 Wastewater Collection
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
Provides requirements for typical wastewater collection systems for the Department of Defense (DoD). These minimum technical requirements are based on UFC 1-200-01. Where other statutory or regulatory rquirements are referenced in the contract, the more stringent requirement must be met.
UFC 3-240-13FN Operation and Maintenance: Industrial Water Treatment
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides an overview of industrial water treatment operations and management. Includes an extensive description and discussion of corrosion.
UFC 3-430-01FA Heating and Cooling Distribution Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
  • Mold
Contains TI 810-32. Provides guidance and criteria for the design and construction of heating and cooling distribution systems and supplements information in the "Notes to the Designer" of the guide specifications. Covers multiple CPC topics such as corrosion-resistant materials, internal corrosion, cathodic protection, and others.
UFC 3-430-08N Central Heating Plants
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Contains MIL-HDBK-1003/6. Provides criteria for designing steam and high temperature water central and individual heating plants. Covers many different CPC topics including economizer corrosion controls. Section 8.6.5 covers general corrosion requirements. Section 10.6 covers general corrosion prevention requirements.
UFC 3-440-05N Tropical Engineering
  • Cathodic
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Mold
  • Mildew
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • Pitting
  • Galvanic
  • Cracking
Contains a full text copy of MIL-HDBK-1011/1. Provides a general overview of information related to construction within tropical regions. This UFC is one of the primary Corrosion Criteria documents with extensive descriptions and requirements.
UFC 3-460-03 Operation and Maintenance: Maintenance of Petroleum Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Galvanic
  • Pitting
This manual emphasizes preventive maintenance to avoid system shutdowns, prevent fuel contamination, and decrease fire, safety, and health hazards. There are many references to corrosion & cathodic protection and systems to be protected and considered.
UFC 3-570-01 Cathodic Protection
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
  • Pitting
  • Galvanic
Provides general & specific design guidance for cathodic protection systems. Intended to be used in the design and construction of cathodic protection systems for the purpose of mitigation of corrosion of buried or submerged metallic structures. Contains TM 5-811-7. Requires NACE CP & Corrosion Specialist certifications and support. Addresses corrosion related Commissioning (Cx) support.
UFC 3-570-06 Operation and Maintenance: Cathodic Protection Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Provides guidance for inspection and maintenance of cathodic protection systems.
UFC 3-600-01 Fire Protection Engineering for Facilities
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Establishes fire protection engineering policy and criteria for DOD components. Requires services of a QFPE for design of the project and the oversight of the AHJ (Military Service or Defense Component FPE). See the UFC for additional qualifications, experience and certification requirements.
UFC 4-150-02 Dockside Utilities for Ship Service
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • Pitting
Provides design criteria and guidance in the design of utility systems for piers, wharves, and drydocks. Criteria are given for Type I Piers (Fueling, Ammunition, and Supply); Type II Piers (General Purpose Piers); and Type III Piers (Repair Piers.) Utilities covered include steam, compressed air, salt or non-potable water, potable water, oily waste/waste oil (OWWO) or petroleum, oil and lubricants (POL), CHT, electric power, and telecommunications. Requires qualified corrosion engineer that is NACE certified.
UFC 4-150-07 Operation and Maintenance: Maintenance of Waterfront Facilities
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Preservation
  • Pitting
Provides guidance for the inspection, maintenance, and repair of waterfront structures and related facilities. Also used as a reference for planning, estimating, and performing technical maintenance and repair work.
UFC 4-151-10 General Criteria for Waterfront Construction
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
Contains general criteria for the design of piling, deck, and substructure framing and bracing, and hardware and fittings for waterfront construction. Unless indicated otherwise, these criteria also apply to the design of offshore structures.
UFC 4-152-01 Design: Piers and Wharves
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
Contains descriptions and design criteria for pier and wharf construction, including subsidiary, contiguous, and auxiliary structures.
UFC 4-159-01N Design: Hyperbaric Facilities
  • Corrosion
  • Coatings
General guidance relating to the design of hyperbaric facilities is presented for use by experienced engineers and architects and members of the Navy Diving Community who require information in this very specialized area. Design guidance is provided on pressure chambers and vessels, appurtenances, foundations piping systems, life support systems, wet pots, fire protection systems, electrical systems, communication systems, control systems, system cleaning, lubricants, sealants, and materials.
UFC 4-211-02 Aircraft Corrosion Control and Paint Facilities
  • Corrosion
Provides requirements for evaluating, planning, programming, and designing Aircraft Corrosion Control and Paint Facilities (ACCPFs). The information in this UFC applies to the design of all new construction projects, to include additions, alterations, and renovation projects in the continental Unites States (CONUS) and outside the continental US (OCONUS).
Table 2. Key Unified Facilities Guide Specifications that include CPC
Doc. Number Title Keywords Description
UFGS 02 85 00.00 20 Mold Remediation
  • Mold
  • Coating
  • Rust
Covers requirements for demolition, cleaning, removal, and disposal of materials contaminated with mold. Delineates certification and qualification requirements for contractor personnel.
UFGS 03 31 29 Marine Concrete
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for reinforced concrete that is exposed to marine and chloride environments. Delineates extensive ACI certification, qualification and experience requirements for contractors.
UFGS 09 90 00 Paints and Coatings
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Mold
  • Mildew
Covers requirements for painting of new and existing, interior and exterior substrates. Includes contractor qualification requirements (e.g. SSPC QP-1, QP-2, etc.) and refers to SSPC, NACE and MPI Standards.
UFGS 09 96 00 High-Performance Coatings
  • Coatings
Covers requirements for special coatings required for harsh indoor locations or operations (any area subjected to chemical and/or abrasive action), & all outdoor installations. Requires compliance with MPI Standards in MPI Approved Products List, Architectural Painting Specification Manual" before any project is started. Requires "Ensure coating application is done by skilled applicators".
UFGS 09 96 59 High-Build Glaze Coatings
  • Coatings
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for epoxy-polyamide, polyurethane, and epoxy polyester high performance, architectural wall coating systems for interior and exterior surfaces.
UFGS 09 97 02 Painting: Hydraulic Structures
  • Coatings
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
Covers the requirements for the preparation of surfaces and the application of paints for hydraulic structures and appurtenant items. This section was originally developed for USACE Civil Works projects. Addresses Contractor qualifications and certifications (e.g. SSPC QP-1, QP-2, QP-3).
UFGS 09 97 10.00 10 Metallic Coatings for Hydraulic Structures
  • Coatings
  • Corrosion
Covers the requirements for preparation of surfaces and application of metallized coatings for hydraulic structures. This section was originally developed for USACE Civil Works projects. Addresses Contractor qualifications and experience (e.g. NACE Basic, Coating Inspector Training & Certification Program, etc.)
UFGS 09 97 13.15 Low VOC Polysulfide Interior Coating of Welded Steel Petroleum Fuel Tanks
  • Rust
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for a Low VOC (< 50 grams/liter) two-coat polysulfide modified novolac epoxy — PMNE coating systems for interiors of newly constructed, Navy bulk fuel storage tanks. For maintenance coating design, see notes herein. Addresses Contractor qualifications and experience (e.g. SSPC QP-5, MPCAC-C14, etc.)
UFGS 09 97 13.16 Interior Coating of Welded Steel Water Tanks
  • Coating
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for polyamide epoxy coating system for interior of newly constructed Navy and Air force water tanks, potable and non-potable, where shop applied coatings are not being considered. Addresses Contractor qualifications and experience (e.g. SSPC QP-5, SSPC C-7, etc.).
UFGS 09 97 13.17 Three Coat Epoxy Interior Coating of Welded Steel Petroleum Fuel Tanks
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for a three coat epoxy system for interior coating of newly constructed, Air Force bulk fuel storage tanks. Addresses Contractor qualifications and experience (e.g. SSPC QP-5, SSPC QP-1 and SSPC QS-1, etc.)
UFGS 09 97 13.25 Maintenance, Repair, and Coating of Tall Antenna Towers
  • Coating
  • Rust
  • Corrosion
  • Deterioration
Covers the requirements for coating of new, and repairs to existing, steel towers. Addresses Contractor qualifications and experience (e.g. SSPC QP-2, etc.).
UFGS 09 97 13.26 Coating of Steel Waterfront Structures, Zero VOC, (SZC) Splash Zone Coating
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
Covers requirements for coating new or existing steel-sheet piling and other steel waterfront structures. This coating system may also be used for repairing and coating of aged surfaces. Lists qualifications and submissions requirements for contractors (e.g. SSPC QP 5, C 7, MPCAC, etc.).
UFGS 09 97 13.27 Exterior Coating of Steel Structures
  • Coating
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for zinc-rich epoxy/epoxy/polyurethane coating systems for exteriors of new Navy and Air Force steel structures, such as fuel tanks, water tanks, aboveground piping, etc. Also, see extensive notes at the beginning of the UFGS. Contractor qualifications and certifications include SSPC PCS, SSPC QP 5, etc.
UFGS 09 97 13.28 Protection of Buried Steel Piping and Steel Bulkhead Tie Rods
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coatings
Covers the requirements for exterior protection tape wrapping systems. Inspection shall be performed by a National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) certified inspector.
UFGS 09 97 13.00 40 Steel Coatings
  • Rust
  • Corrosion
  • Pit
  • Depression
  • Coating
Covers the requirements for coating systems, materials, surface preparation, and application of protective coatings of carbon steel.
UFGS 09 97 23.13 Interior Lining for Concrete Storage Tanks (for Petroleum Fuels)
  • Coating
Covers the requirements for lining concrete tanks for storage of petroleum products.
UFGS 12 31 00 Manufactured Metal Casework
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
Covers requirements for fabrication, finish, installation, cleaning, and inspection of metal casework.
UFGS 13 34 19 Metal Building Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for pre-engineered fabricated metal structures.
UFGS 23 00 00 Air Supply, Distribution, Ventilation, and Exhaust Systems
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Deterioration
  • Degradation
  • Coating
Covers requirements for air supply, distribution, ventilation, and exhaust portions of HVAC systems.
UFGS 23 35 19.00 20 Industrial Ventilation and Exhaust
  • Corrosion
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Mold
Provides requirements for blower and exhaust systems for the removal of flammable vapors. This includes paint spraying residue, corrosive fumes, dust, and stock conveying.
UFGS 23 63 00.00 10 Cold Storage Refrigeration System
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
  • Coating
Covers requirements for refrigeration equipment for cold storage facilities. This document covers coil corrosion protection extensively.
UFGS 26 42 13.00 20 Cathodic Protection by Galvanic Anodes
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
  • Mold
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use galvanic anode s for underground piping and buried or submerged structure. Required to obtain services of Corrosion Engineer with cathodic protection education and experience.
UFGS 26 42 14.00 10 Cathodic Protection System (Sacrificial Anode)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
  • Rust
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use continuous flow direction current from sacrificial anodes. Obtain services of a corrosion expert to supervise, inspect, and test installation and performance of CP system. Requires NACE certifications.
UFGS 26 42 15.00 10 Cathodic Protection System (Steel Water Tanks)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
Covers requirements for cathodic protections systems using impressed current anodes. Obtain services of a corrosion expert to supervise, inspect, and test installation and performance of CP system. Requires NACE certifications.
UFGS 26 42 17.00 10 Cathodic Protection System (Impressed Current)
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
  • Rust
Covers requirements for cathodic protection systems that use impressed current anodes. Obtain services of a corrosion expert to supervise, inspect, and test installation and performance of CP system. Requires NACE certifications.
UFGS 26 42 19.10 Cathodic Protection Systems (Impressed Current) for Lock Miter Gates
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Coating
Provides requirements for lock miter gate cathodic protection systems. Obtain services of a corrosion expert to supervise, inspect, and test installation and performance of CP system. Requires NACE certifications.
UFGS 26 56 13.00 40 Lighting Poles and Standards
  • Corrosion
  • Coatings
Covers the requirements for lighting poles, standards, and related mounting accessories for exterior lighting, including, but not limited to, area lighting, flood lighting, roadway lighting, and security lighting systems.
UFGS 32 13 11 Concrete Pavement for Airfields and other Heavy-duty Pavements
  • Rust
  • Coatings
  • Deterioration
Covers the requirements for construction of concrete pavement for Army, Navy and Air Force airfields and heavy-duty roads, parking areas, hardstands, and vehicular pavement. Requires ACI certifications.
UFGS 32 13 13.06 Portland Cement Concrete Pavement for Roads and Site Facilities
  • Coating
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for small portland cement concrete paving jobs such as roads, streets, sidewalks, and parking lots.
UFGS 33 11 00 Water Utility Distribution Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Degradation
  • Coating
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for potable and nonpotable systems.
UFGS 33 40 00 Storm Drainage Utilities
  • Coating
  • Corrosion
  • Rust
Covers the requirements for potable and non-potable (raw water and sea or salt water) systems, in which the largest size pipe is 1200 mm 48 inches in diameter and the maximum working pressure does not exceed 1200 kPa 175 psi for pipelines 300 mm 12 inch size and smaller and 1000 kPa 150 psi for pipelines larger than 300 mm 12 inch size. This section covers exterior water distribution and transmission systems, including water supply, distribution and service lines and connections to a point approximately 1.5 m 5 feet outside of buildings and structures.
UFGS 40 05 13 Pipelines, Liquid Process Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Cathodic Protection
  • Rust
  • Degradation
  • Deterioration
  • Coating
  • Pitting
Covers requirements for above and below grade liquid process piping located both inside and outside of treatment plants.
UFGS 40 18 00.00 40 Vacuum Systems Process Piping
  • Corrosion
  • Coating
Covers requirements for aboveground low-vacuum systems defined for the purposes of this section as systems at pressures less than atmospheric and ranging to approximately 100 kilopascal (29.5 inches of mercury), 1.734 kilopascal (0.25144 psi) or 13 millimeter of mercury 29.5 inches of mercury vacuum or the approximately absolute; 0.25144 pound per square inch, absolute, 13,000 microns of mercury absolute, or 13 torr.
UFGS 01 45 00.00 20 Quality Control
  • QC Program Requirements
  • Commissioning Program
  • Plan Submission Requirements
  • Design Review & Documentation
  • Corrosion
  • Commissioning Corrosion
Establishes the basic requirements for a QC, Cx, Design program for Design Bid Build QC. Note that CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight provided.
UFGS 01 45 00.10 20 Quality Control for Minor Construction
  • QC Organization & Requirements
  • Testing
  • Submittals
  • Acceptance
Covers the requirements for Quality Control for small construction projects and repair or maintenance work. It may also be used for minor elements or small quantities of work in larger projects at the discretion of the Government. Note that CPC requirements should be reflected in the plan and oversight provided.

1. Commissioning, QC and QA programs require that the individual have certain qualifications and certifications. For the QC/QA/Cx person to do their job effectively CPC related certifications and qualifications should be considered

Criteria documents can be found in the form of other types of resources as well. The WBDG Federal Facility Criteria library provides a detailed list describing each which includes specifications, regulations, standards, policy letters, ECBs, etc.

Federal Facility Criteria: 
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